In this presentation Chiara gave at the Congresso de Humanidades Digitais em Portugal held at the Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa (8-9 October 2015), we focus on “digital scholarship”, which has been the central notion of the first line of work of the research project “The importance of Being Digital”. I introduced the notion and some of the debates surrounding it and then referred these debates to our research experience, leaning on data coming from the transcripts from the workshop we had in Portugal with Martin Weller (Open University, UK), the focus group we held at the end of these workshops and the interviews with participants to both events. We propose two provocations. The first one is a political one: is digital scholarship a luxury for the few? The second one is an epistemological one: is digital scholarship old wine in new bottle?